If a skin biopsy reveals cancer, Southeastern Dermatology has an array of medical and surgical procedures as treatments, depending upon the type of cancer, it's location, and the needs of the individual.
The various treatment options available are:
Skin cancer is the most prevalent of all types of cancers. Fair-skinned peopkle who sunburn easily are at a particularly high risk for developing skin cancer. Other factors include repeated medical and industrial x-ray exposure, scarring from diseases or burns, occupational exposure to compounds such as coal tar and arsenic, and family history.
The three main skin cancers are basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and malignant melanoma. When found early and treated properly, the cure rate for both BCC and SCC is over 95 percent. The staff at Southeastern Dernatology is very experienced in the screening and treatment of the vaious types of skin cancer.
Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)
BCC is the most common type of skin cancer and appears frequently on the head, neck, or trunk as a pearly bump, or a red patch. BCCs are typically found on fair-skinned people and usually do not grow quickly. Untreated, the cancer will often begin to bleed, crust over, heal, then repeat the cycle; it can extend below the skin to the bone and nerves, causing local damage.
Squamous Cell Carcinome (SCC)
SCC is the second most common skin cancer and is typically located on the rim of the ear, face, lips, and mouth of fair-skinned people. The cancer may appear as a bump or red, scaly patch and can develop into large masses and become invasive. SCC occasionally metastasize (spreads to remote areas). Thus early detection and treatmnt is desirable.
Malignant Melanoma is the most deadly of all skin cancers. It begins in the melanocytes, the skin cells that produce the brown or black pigment called melanin. Since melanoma cells usually continue to produce melanin, the cancer appears in mixed shades of tan, brown, and black, though it can be red or white. Melanoma can metastasize (spread), making early detection and treatment essential. Melanomas are usually greater than 6mm in diameter (size of a pencil eraser) when diagnosed. If you notice a mole different from your others, or changes, itches, or bleeds, you should see a dermatologist.